20, No. 14, Feb. 15, 2001
Faculty members appointed associates of Center for Advanced Study
Twelve faculty members were recommended for appointments as associates
to the Center for Advanced Study for the Academic Year 2001-02. The
UI Board of Trustees approved the appointments at its January meeting
The appointments will provide one semester of release time for creative
work. Associates are selected in an annual competition from faculty
members of all departments and colleges to carry out self-initiated
programs of scholarly research or professional activity.
CAS associates and their projects:
Jane Block, professor, library administration,
The project entails a book-length study dealing with Neo-Impressionist
portraiture an aspect of Neo-Impressionism that has been little
studied and analyzed by scholars. The book focuses upon the corpus of
70, primarily French and Belgian, portraits to reveal new insights into
the movement, the practitioners of the style, as well as the artistic
centers of production in Paris and Brussels at the fin-de-siècle.
D. Braatz, associate professor,
chemical engineering, "Advances in Pharmaceutical Crystallization."
Novel sensor technologies are needed to understand and control the crystallization
of pharmaceuticals. This project will create the state-of-the-art in
particle size distribution measurement using laser backscattering and
Steven B. Bradlow, associate professor,
mathematics, "Augmented Holo-morphic Bundles."
A monograph by this title, covering a new research area in mathematics,
is planned in collaboration with one co-author. The book will be the
first on a topic that recently has seen great progress but whose results
have not yet been organized into a unified coherent framework.
Yoram Bresler, professor, electrical and
computer engineering, "Optimal Spatio-Temporal Sampling for Real-Time
Magnetic Resonance Imaging."
Faster image acquisition in MRI is essential for diagnostically accurate
imaging of dynamic phenomena such as the beating heart or functional
activation in the brain. This research project capitalizes on our recent
breakthroughs in signal sampling theory to develop new theory and algorithms
for fast MRI, which can speed up acquisition by more than an order of
magnitude, thus enabling, for the first time, high-resolution 3-D real-time
Achsah Guibbory, professor, English, "Imagined
Identities: The Uses of Judaism in 17th-Century England."
This project explores the l7th century preoccupation with defining English
Christian identity and experiences in relation to Jewish history and
Judaism. Tracing the emergence of a strong yet deeply ambivalent identification
of England with Israel, Guibbory explores the cultural significance
of this phenomenon and suggests its relevance for understanding Christian
Jewish relations in the 20th and 21st centuries.
John B. Kogut, professor, physics, "Quantum
Chromodynamics in Extreme Environments."
Kogut has secured a contract with Cambridge University Press to write
the first theoretical physics text on the subject of quantum chromodynamics
in extreme environments, high density, and high temperature, a field
that he pioneered. His co author is M.A. Stephanov of the UI at Chicago.
Harry Liebersohn, professor, history, Campus
Honors Faculty, "Cosmopolitans: Travelers and Philosophers."
This book studies scientific travelers and their worldly testing of
philosophers cosmopolitan ideas. It relates how patrons at home
and hosts in Polynesia confronted travelers with state, commercial and
cultural hindrances to global community, complicating though not completely
disappointing their hopes.
Ania Loomba, professor, English, "Shakespeare,
Race and Colonialism."
This book discusses emergence of race as a concept in 16th-
and 17th-century Europe, especially England, and discusses its relationship
to Shakespearean drama. By examining Shakespeares plays as well
as medieval and early modern writings on skin color, religion, gender,
nation and community, it shows how Shakespeares theater contributes
to, and is itself crafted from, changing vocabularies about social difference.
Stanley Maloy, professor, microbiology,
"Postgenomic Analysis of Membrane Protein Expression."
Overexpression of membrane proteins is often lethal in bacteria, limiting
many potential applications in biotechnology. This project will use
a combination of postgenomic approaches to determine why overexpression
of membrane proteins is toxic in bacteria, and the resulting insights
will be used to isolate bacteria that allow expression of high levels
of membrane proteins.
Eric Michielssen, professor, electrical
and computer engineering, "Fast Kernels for Transient Electromagnetic
Analysis in Material and Structured Media."
The purpose of this work is to develop fast computational schemes for
evaluating transient electromagnetic fields generated by band-limited
sources residing in lossy, dispensive, diffusive and layered environments.
These schemes will be coupled to time-domain, integral equation solvers
and applied to the analysis of very large-scale scattering, radiation
and propagation phenomena of engineering relevance.
Cynthia Radding, professor, history, "In
the Shadow of the Empire: Ecology, History and Culture in Two Colonial
Frontiers, Northwestern Mexico and Eastern Bolivia (1750 1880)."
This comparative book-length study poses new questions for the themes
of culture, colonialism and the historical evolution of hybrid societies
in two frontier regions of the Spanish and Portuguese American empires.
It addresses some of the central theses espoused by scholars in the
humanities and social sciences in reference to culture change in comparative
colonial settings of the Americas, Asia and Africa.
Jonathan V. Sweedler, professor, chemistry,
"From Invertebrates to Mammals: Following Intracellular Peptidergic
Communication in the Mammalian CNS with Chemical and Spatial Specificity
Using Mass Spectrometric Imaging."
Sweedlers research group has developed and applied a new suite
of technologies for measuring neurotransmitters and neuropeptides in
individual cells and cellular processes using several invertebrate model
organisms. This project proposes to adapt several technologies to work
with mammalian brain slices to probe the interaction of multiple neuropeptides
in several partially characterized systems, including the rat suprachiasmatic
Braatz and Michielssen were appointed as CAS Beckman Associates, named
for the donor of a gift that permits additional recognition for outstanding
younger associate candidates who have already made distinctive scientific