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- Discovery may support prediction of Einstein's theory
- At a meeting of the American Physical Society April 20 in Columbus, Ohio, astrophysicists announced that the discovery of very rapid oscillations in the brightness of some X-ray-emitting neutron stars has yielded important new constraints on the properties of the superdense matter at the centers of these stars.
Panel discussion of ALN use is May 8 ... PI index available on the Web ... YMCA offers service learning project ... Aiken, Askew to appear on 'Talking Point' ... Workshop may affect custodial services ... New exhibitions open at I space ... Hosts needed for Japanese students ... Uni High sponsors 5K fitness run ... Choldin moderates online discussion ... Library plans rollout of new system ... Cooking up a new summer series
At a meeting of the American Physical Society April 20 in Columbus, Ohio, astrophysicists announced that the discovery of very rapid oscillations in the brightness of some X-ray-emitting neutron stars has yielded important new constraints on the properties of the superdense matter at the centers of these stars. The data also may represent the first evidence for a unique effect of strongly curved space-time predicted by Einstein's theory of gravity but never before observed. The new measurements were made using NASA's Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer satellite.
"The Rossi Explorer was designed to probe closer than ever before the strongly curved space-time near neutron stars and black holes," said Frederick Lamb, a professor of physics and of astronomy at the UI at Urbana-Champaign. "These new results are based on the earlier dramatic discovery by Rossi that the brightness of many neutron stars varies more than a thousand times each second. These variations are the highest frequency oscillations ever detected in any astrophysical object."
Neutron stars are the dense cinders left behind when stars of about 10 times the mass of the sun explode in violent events called supernovae. Neutron stars have masses about the same as the sun but are only about 10 miles in diameter. Consequently, the matter at their centers is much denser even than the matter in atomic nuclei. According to Einstein's theory of gravity, space-time near neutron stars is strongly curved. Observation of the effects of strongly curved space-time would be the first confirmation of a strong-field prediction of general relativity.
Many neutron stars are found in binary systems with ordinary stars like the sun, but the stars orbit so closely that the neutron stars are devouring their companion stars. The strong gravitational field of the neutron star literally pulls gas off the surface of the companion star. The gas then spirals toward the neutron star.
The high-frequency brightness oscillations are thought to be caused by clumps of gas hurtling around the neutron star just above its surface at speeds approaching the speed of light, Lamb said. When gas from these clumps collides with the surface of the star, the gas reaches temperatures of 100 million degrees and emits X-rays. The neutron star becomes brighter when the heated gas is on the side facing us and dimmer when the heated gas is on the other side.
Some of the neutron stars that produce high frequency X-ray oscillations radiate more energy in a second that the sun radiates in a week. These stars can be seen all the way across the galaxy, using X-ray telescopes like those on the Rossi Explorer.
"We had expected to see a cacophony of frequencies in the X-ray emission from this violent caldron of hot gas, somewhat like the discord that results when you press your hands randomly on a piano keyboard," Lamb said. "Instead, scientists using the Rossi satellite found that these neutron stars are playing cosmic chords, with two or three nearly pure tones.
"The clockwork of the universe is much more orderly than we had dreamed," Lamb said. "The pureness of these tones makes it possible to use them to investigate how matter moves in the strongly curved space-time near these neutron stars."
At the meeting, Lamb presented calculations carried out with Coleman Miller, a research scientist at the University of Chicago, and Dimitrios Psaltis, a research scientist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. These calculations showed how the X-ray brightness oscillations could be used to determine the masses and dimensions of neutron stars and to look for evidence of the innermost stable orbit, a key prediction of general relativity.
The innermost stable orbit is a qualitatively new prediction of Einstein's theory of gravity. According to Newton's theory, gas can orbit a compact star at any distance. In contrast, Einstein's theory predicts that if the star is sufficiently massive and compact, there is a region of space around it where space-time is so strongly curved that there are no stable circular orbits. Gas orbiting this close to the star unavoidably plunges to its surface.
The calculations of Miller, Lamb and Psaltis show that the frequency of the X-ray brightness variations should increase as the gas flow onto the neutron star -- and hence its X-ray power -- rises, until the clumps producing the oscillations are at the innermost stable orbit. At this point the oscillation frequency should become constant as the X-ray power continues to rise. A paper describing the team's results has been accepted for publication in the Astrophysical Journal.
William Zhang, a research scientist at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, presented new observations obtained with the Rossi Explorer that appear consistent with the effects predicted by Miller, Lamb and Psaltis. Zhang and his colleagues observed the neutron star called 4U 1820-30 over several months and found that as its X-ray power rises, the frequency of its brightness oscillation increases until it is oscillating about 1,050 times a second. As the X-ray power increases further, the frequency remains constant, indicating that the innermost stable orbit has been reached. The results obtained by Zhang's team also have been accepted for publication in the Astrophysical Journal.
"There is a good possibility that the Rossi Explorer has provided the first evidence supporting the predictions of Einstein's theory of gravity about how matter moves in strongly curved space-time," Lamb said. "All previous tests of general relativity have been made in regions where space-time is curved only very, very weakly. Searching for effects of strong gravitational fields is of fundamental importance. If this evidence for the existence of an innermost stable orbit is confirmed, it will be a major advance.
"Studying how matter moves in the strongly curved space-time near neutron stars also has allowed us to extract interesting new bounds on the masses and dimensions of these stars and on the stiffness of the superdense matter inside them," Lamb said. "The new evidence reported today suggests that the strong nuclear force is more repulsive than many nuclear physicists had expected and that the superdense matter in neutron stars is rather stiff."
While these new findings represent a very important and exciting development, they will require confirmation, Lamb cautioned.
Color pictures showing how the high frequency X-ray brightness oscillations are thought to be generated are available on the World Wide Web at http://.physics.uiuc.edu/groups/tastro/movies/spm/.
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By Jim Barlow
What do brewing beer, breadmaking, recombinant DNA, Bt-gene carrying corn, compost, and the production of antibiotics, insulin and interferon have in common? They are among the very diverse end products of biotechnology.
Such diversity in the internationally burgeoning field of biotechnology -- the use (manipulation, if you will) of microorganisms and plant and animal cells to produce better crops, food, medicine and chemicals -- also appears to be the focal point of a challenge facing the UI.
Biotechnology is being done everywhere, from the engineering-physical sciences north side, to the chemical and biologically oriented central campus, to the south campus's research involving animals, crops and food. However members of a special committee appointed by the vice chancellor for research say there is no central focus uniting the research, educational training and development. In essence, they say, there is no infrastructure.
Without that, they conclude, it is difficult to attract major research funding, high-caliber scientists and students -- all of which are key ingredients to putting the UI on the world's biotechnology map. One solution, committee members and administrators seem to agree, is the coordination of already existing programs that can be gathered under one umbrella to create both undergraduate and graduate-level academic training in biotechnology.
"There is fertile soil here, but it never has really been seeded and nurtured in an optimal way," said John Katzenellenbogen, holder of the Swanlund Endowed Chair of chemistry and chairman of Vice Chancellor Richard Alkire's Biotechnology Advisory Committee. "There are a lot of elements from which the university could provide a program that would play into a tremendous intellectual scholarship opportunity, and one that also would have a lot of commercial applications."
The Biotechnology Center's Directory of Faculty Research lists more than 150 scientists from 16 departments who are doing biotechnology-related work, but there are no academic degree tracks with biotechnology in their names. "The campus has been missing a lot of opportunities, both from the point of view of academic programs and research infrastructure," said Harris Lewin, director of the Biotechnology Center.
Among the reasons for a heightened awareness of biotechnology needs on campus was the creation of the W.M. Keck Center for Comparative and Functional Genomics -- announced formally in January. The Keck Center's modern DNA
sequencers and related instrumentation, when operation begins in the fall, will elevate university efforts to understand how thousands of genes work simultaneously to make functioning organisms.
Perhaps as important, Lewin and Katzenellenbogen said, the center's cooperative support brought people together, resulting in meetings among the deans and directors of the collaborating units: the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences, the School of Life Sciences in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, the College of Medicine at Urbana-Champaign, the College of Veterinary Medicine, the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, the College of Engineering and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications.
"The creation of the Keck Center created a lot of discussion on campus about the need for more coordinated activities in biotechnology and biosciences across the campus," Lewin said.
Alkire initially appointed a committee to focus on the Biotechnology Center, which provides service and support to researchers but is not affiliated with any academic unit. The panel was soon expanded to 14 members and asked to encompass all campus biotechnology efforts.
Biotechnology is perhaps the fastest growing industry in the world. The Biotechnology Center, when it opened in the mid 1980s, was one of the nation's first on a university campus. But dwindling financial support has left the campus behind nationally.
"This campus has not been on the leading edge of biotechnology as we should be," said Janice Bahr, associate vice chancellor for research and Alkire's liaison with the advisory committee. "We have a lot of very good individuals who do work together, but we need more people. We need more educational programs. There is a crying need for people who are trained in this area. There is no master plan. We need to develop one."
To that end, the advisory committee has suggested three major strategic goals.
Combine the above components, committee members say, and it will be easier to lure federal and industry grants and participate in consortiums. "We are moving toward this goal," Bahr said of potentially seeking out new high-profile faculty members and creating academic programs. "This is the age of biology and its broad connotations."
There is, indeed, big money at stake. New companies that are taking advantage of new breakthroughs are springing up almost daily; they need employees trained in the field. Government estimates forecast a growing market for genetically engineered medical products, alone, from $7.6 billion two years ago to more than $24 billion by 2006, and for agricultural biotech products from $295 million to about $1.74 billion.
In the March 27 issue of the journal Science, editor Philip H. Abelson wrote that a genomics revolution is dawning and that there will be changes comparable to those brought about by the Industrial Revolution and the computer-based revolution. "Ultimately, the world will obtain most of its food, fuel, fiber, chemical feedstocks and some of its pharmaceuticals from genetically altered vegetation and trees."
It is a titanic prediction, but one that leaves the UI and many other research institutions lining up at the dock for a financially lucrative ship they don't want to miss. Sinking is not acceptable.
"I think that if we can strengthen the focus of biotechnology on this campus," Bahr said, "then that will also help the state of Illinois."
The state, she said, like the UI, has not kept pace with the field. "The East Coast and the West Coast have a lot of biotech firms that are making a lot of money. We need to attract and educate the brightest students who have an interest in biotechnology and employ them here in Illinois."
Those who now get training in Illinois are leaving for the coasts, Bahr said.
A quick, unscientific search of two highly visible sites on the World Wide Web (.bio.com and .bioview.com) seems to back up that observation: 41 of 47 listed companies are on the coasts. Only one is in Illinois. A search of jobs available on April 30 turned up 342 postings: 87 percent in California; 8 percent in Washington state and the remaining 5 percent spread elsewhere; none in the Midwest.
Lewin also has had a role in the state's review of biotechnological opportunities, which began in 1992 with the Illinois Biotechnology Working Group chaired by Becky Doyle, director of the Illinois Department of Agriculture.
The group's initial report in 1993 found that the state was losing money and opportunities and recommended strategies -- so far unrealized -- to build a biotechnological infrastructure, link companies with research and educational institutions and develop joint projects among universities, national laboratories and industries to attract federal funds.
UI officials say, however, that even though the development of educational programs, infrastructure and faculty hiring have not kept pace with the rapidly expanding field of biotechnology, immediate steps to invest in the opportunities are being considered.
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By Ryann Craig
The 127th Commencement of the UI at Urbana-Champaign will take place in two ceremonies May 17 at the Assembly Hall.
The commencement speaker at both ceremonies will be Robert Novak, a newspaper columnist and political commentator for CNN. Novak, along with three other people, will receive an honorary degree.
Candidates in the colleges of Applied Life Studies, Communications, Law, Liberal Arts and Sciences and Veterinary Medicine; the Institute of Labor and Industrial Relations; the Graduate School of Library and Information Science; and the School of Social Work will receive degrees at the 10:30 a.m. ceremony.
Candidates in the colleges of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences, Commerce and Business Administration, Education, Engineering, and Fine and Applied Arts will receive degrees at the 2 p.m. ceremony. WILL-AM (580) will provide live coverage of the 2 p.m. ceremony.
Doors will open at 9:30 a.m. for the morning ceremony and at 1 p.m. for the afternoon ceremony. After all students and their guests with tickets are seated, the remaining seats will be made available to the public.
Commencement is held once a year to honor all students who have earned bachelor's, master's, doctoral and professional degrees and advanced certificates during the preceding academic year.
Novak co-hosts "Evans and Novak" on CNN and serves as co-executive producer. He also appears on "Capital Gang," the network's political roundtable, and regularly co-hosts or appears on "Crossfire."
A Joliet native, Novak earned a bachelor's degree from the UI and received the university's distinguished alumnus award in 1997. One of his first newspaper jobs was as a reporter for the Champaign-Urbana Courier.
After serving in the Army during the Korean War, Novak joined the staff of the Associated Press, working at bureaus in Omaha and Lincoln, Neb., as well as Indianapolis. In 1957, he was transferred to Washington, D.C., where he began covering Congress.
He joined the Washington bureau of the Wall Street Journal in 1958 as its Senate correspondent and political reporter. He became the paper's chief congressional correspondent in 1961.
In 1963, Novak teamed with Rowland Evans Jr. to write "Inside Report," a column carried by more than 150 papers. Evans retired from column writing in 1993; Novak now writes the column three times a week.
Novak's first book was "Agony of the GOP: 1964." He and Evans co-wrote "Lyndon B. Johnson: The Exercise of Power," "Nixon in the White House" and "The Reagan Revolution."
Also scheduled to join Novak in receiving honorary degrees:
Three Alumni Achievement Awards will be presented by the UI Alumni Association at the Assembly Hall commencement ceremonies. Receiving the awards:
The Alumni Association Distinguished Service Award will be presented to Russell "Ruck" Steger, who earned a bachelor's degree in journalism from the UI in 1950. He served as a university trustee from 1969-75 and was on the Athletic Board of Control from 1955-58 and 1985-90. The former All-American who played in Illinois' 1947 Rose Bowl victory was also an assistant coach for Illinois football and baseball teams.
Among other planned activities in honor of the graduating class, the UI Symphonic Band will give a free concert for graduates, candidates and their guests at 8 p.m. May 16 in the Great Hall of the Krannert Center for the Performing Arts. Tickets are not required.
All graduating students and their guests are invited to a reception hosted by UI President and Mrs. James J. Stukel and Chancellor Michael Aiken from 8:30 to 10 a.m. May 17 in the gardens of the president's house, 711 W. Florida Ave., Urbana. Academic attire is encouraged.
More commencement ceremonies
Additional commencement ceremonies have been scheduled by many individual UI units. All take place on May 17, except as noted:
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By Nancy Koeneman
Stuffing envelopes, answering phones, soliciting donations, leading tours, staffing resource centers, caring for animals, directing parking at events: The list of help provided is endless and the paycheck is nonexistent for the unsung heroes of organizations across campus.
There are many places at the UI where the efforts of volunteers help keep budgets in line and programs up and running. What might surprise some is that more than a few of those volunteers already work on campus at other offices, or are retired UI employees.
Singing their praises
Interest in the arts and promoting the arts is one of the motivations for volunteers at Krannert Art Museum and Krannert Center for the Performing Arts.
"Volunteers take on important jobs here," said Diane Schumacher, interim director of education at Krannert Art Museum. "For a visitor who comes to the museum, the only contact they may have with the museum besides the artwork is the docent who makes a personal contact." Volunteers also staff the information desk and the resource center, where teachers, students and the public can use or check out more than 1,500 resources that include books, kits and other informational materials. The volunteers serve as hosts on the annual Culture Bus tours and provide arts programming for public schools. Members of the museum's council plan and help put on the fund-raising events for the museum, provide food for show openings and member nights, and provide other fund-raising support.
"We greatly value and depend on our volunteers," Schumacher said. "They are few and far between anymore. A lot of people in the work force who at one time volunteered find they no longer have the time."
Retiree Norma Howard now has the time.
"Before I retired, I didn't feel I had the time to do it," Howard said. She was information sources coordinator for ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education.
Howard had an interest in the arts and when she saw an article in the newspaper about volunteering at Krannert Art Museum, she decided to call and see what kind of opportunities were available. She had to take an art class, then started working in the resource center.
"For me, it seems like the good part of the work I did before retiring," Howard said. "I like meeting people and finding the materials they can use. The people using the center are so interesting to me."
A benefit is that she's getting a better perspective of what's going on there. "I see all the new exhibits as they are going up. I feel it puts me in the position to appreciate the things happening at the museum," she said.
Volunteer opportunities at Krannert Center for the Performing Arts vary from serving as ushers during the daytime Youth Series programs and the children's performances, to working on the bulk-mailing team that assembles inserts for mailings and materials for schools attending events at the center. Some volunteers serve as tour guides. Most help with the fund-raising events that provide money for the center's building and equipment fund.
"A lot of volunteers donate their time, effort and expertise to these events," said Crystal Womble, the community liaison for the center.
The center has volunteers who are working and those who are retired. Many of them are part of the Retired Senior Volunteer Program (RSVP), Womble said. The RSVP program keeps track of the hours its volunteers work as part of the program's federal funding support.
"Last year, RSVP volunteers put in approximately 700 hours. We figured out the pay this represents at minimum wage, and it came to just more than $30,000," Womble said.
Barb Nelson, a secretary for the athletic department since 1979, has been a member of the children's theater board since 1980 and volunteers as an usher for the youth and children's programming.
"I feel it's always good to give back to the community and Krannert is such an asset to our community," Nelson said. She and her husband also are volunteers with several other community organizations and both serve on boards for the groups. "We keep busy. It's fun. When I retire, I hope to do more. I think it's important, and there are never too many volunteers."
Watching their efforts grow
Allerton Park and Conference Center is a UI site that relies heavily on volunteer efforts.
"They are invaluable to us," said Tamzin Holman, outreach associate at Allerton. "One of our volunteers loves the Fu Dog garden and the Buddha pavilion. She comes in on weekends so we can open that for the public. Otherwise, we wouldn't be able to do that. Another couple does research and catalogs the archives. We have people who are now training to do tours of the gardens and house. We always need two or more volunteers at the 50 or more weddings a year in the gardens. The volunteers serve as hosts, help with parking, secure the area during the ceremony and help the bride with anything she needs." The weddings are a source of income for the park, which doesn't charge admission to its visitors. Volunteers also help at the visitor center front desk and greet guests and give them directions. Others help with clerical duties, work on the database and prepare mailings. They also work very hard during park events, such as concerts at the park and fund-raising events, such as the Holiday Showcase, Holman said.
Vara Siraprapasiri works at the documents library at the UI, but is in her third year of volunteering at Allerton. She is especially fond of the Fu Dog pavilion and, as a Buddhist, can provide special insights into the Buddha statues there. "I can tell people more about them, why the Buddha is postured that way, what it means. I think it makes it more meaningful for them," she said.
She also helps with the Holiday Showcase at the Allerton House, other fund-raising efforts and has served as a hostess at weddings at the park.
Even though she does it because she believes it's good work and doesn't expect a return, she finds she's benefited from the time spent.
"It's not only educational, but it's nice to meet people. It's widened my horizons. I used to be so shy, but through doing this volunteer work, I'm not so much anymore," Siraprapasiri said. The drive to the park is beautiful and relaxing and the park itself is a wonderful place, she said.
Jane Schowalter, a faculty member at the UI, started the Holiday Showcase at the Allerton House. "That was my baby," she said. Her connection to the park also is a personal one -- her uncle was John Gregg Allerton, the adopted son of Robert Allerton.
"So I got interested in it," she said. "As a child, I had never been down here. When we came here, I got interested because of the family connection. It's a great asset to the community and the university."
She serves on the outreach committee and the steering committee for the showcase and is very enthusiastic about the park.
"I want to help make it a better place for the community to enjoy," Schowalter said.
A wilder experience
RoseAnn Meccoli was drawn to her volunteer job by a cranky old owl. A parasitologist for the College of Veterinary Medicine, teaching assistant and research specialist for professors in the school, she was invited by a student to visit the Wildlife Clinic.
"She asked me if I'd like to see an owl," Meccoli said. "Of course I wanted to. I've only seen them in books, so I went over. She opened the door [of the cage] of the great horned owl and it essentially tried to kill her. Then she asked me if I wanted to put on a glove and try to hold him. Eventually I went back and he did [let me hold him.] Now I work with him every day. He bites me every day. He's still grouchy, but I wouldn't change that. It's his nature."
Meccoli takes care of the five resident animals of the clinic that can never be released because of their injuries or because they've imprinted on humans. She does the educational presentations around the area and helps out in the clinic when students, who normally work with the animals, are on break.
She spends as many as 15 hours a week as a volunteer for the clinic, but doubles that when the "orphan" season starts, she said. Orphan season is the time of year when very young animals, such as rabbits and squirrels, are somehow separated from their parents and end up at the clinic for care.
"It's not as glamorous as some might think," she said. "It looks really good to stand there with these beautiful animals and give a talk, but there is a lot of scrubbing and cleaning involved with wildlife care."
Nearly all the volunteers at the wildlife clinic are students who are seeking hands-on experience before their curriculum involves animal contact.
Graduate student Julie Towle coordinates the volunteer staff at the clinic.
"There would be no wildlife clinic if it wasn't for the volunteers," she said. "And it's a great volunteer experience. [The students] get to help injured wildlife and learn medicine from real cases. It's also good for the college because people get to see veterinarians as compassionate people."
"RoseAnn is wonderful," Towle said. "She is one of only a few staff members who volunteers and often gets overlooked because she's not a student. She does 60 to 80 educational talks a year. She does almost everything -- helps with laundry, feeding and other care of the animals."
Broadcasting the benefits
Volunteers at WILL-AM-FM-TV are an invaluable part of the operations of the local public radio and television stations.
"I've been here a year. I didn't train them, I inherited them and I feel pretty lucky," said Heather Miller, membership projects manager, as she spoke of WILL's volunteers. "These are people who give up their time for free. It's a bonus to get to work with people like that. Most people can give you a donation of money, which we really appreciate of course, but people work and go in 10 different directions, so giving up personal time is very generous."
WILL volunteers not only help by answering phones during fund drives, but also put in many hours with mailing projects and the follow-up work for fund drives.
Joyce Hofmann, a research biologist with the Illinois Natural History Survey, has been volunteering for WILL since the early 1980s.
"I really enjoyed the TV station and radio stations and when the opportunity presented itself that I could help out, I just thought I should do it," Hofmann said. She helps with the fund drives and mailings, and keeps coming back year after year because, she says, "It's fun."
"And the people who work for WILL are really nice. They're so dedicated. I also think public broadcasting is an important community resource."
Hofmann considers volunteering in general a good way to ensure a better community.
"It's a matter of if everybody gave a little time or effort, this could be a much better place. The payoff is very large," she said.
Cathy Eastman, an entomologist with the Illinois Natural History Survey and an affiliate in three departments at the UI -- natural resources and environmental sciences, crop sciences and entomology -- agrees that volunteerism is a way to connect with the community, and that WILL is an asset she wants to support.
"You can see they need help and that they put every dollar to work," she said. "There are no frills here."
Eastman likes knowing that her work helps ensure that WILL will be around.
"Volunteers are the lifeblood of the stations. If we don't help, we could lose what we have," she said.
Being a volunteer also can help a person feel they belong to the community, that they have a stake in it, she said.
"You can write a check and be unaffected, but you're more committed and appreciative of the service when you feel you've helped to bring it here," she said.
A driving force
Every year, a group of volunteers campuswide begin the work of the Campus Charitable Fund Drive. Departments, divisions and offices from every corner are asked to participate and encourage their employees to contribute. The dollars raised go to a variety of resources in Central Illinois, including the Red Cross, the East Central Illinois Food Bank, the Salvation Army and the United Way.
Gary Rossman, assistant director for the operations department at the Operation and Maintenance Division (O&M), has worked on the fund drive for eight years with Bob Ward, locksmith with O&M, also a long-time participant. Their work encourages the employees at O&M to donate to the drive.
"It does require some bit of time," Rossman said. "We have meetings with the various shops, so when the fund drive starts, we have a very busy two- or three-week schedule."
Rossman emphasizes that it's also fun. Although he'll be retiring this month, he's offered to come back and help with the annual drive.
"I feel strongly about it and enjoy this. I think it's very worthwhile," he said.
Over the past several years, Rossman and Ward have developed strategies to encourage giving, and giving has increased by at least four times since Rossman started in the early 1990s.
"The year before I started, I think we collected $11,000 or $12,000 for the entire O&M division. One unit [building service workers] did that last year. Now we bring in $45,000 to $50,000 a year."
The first few years, the shop that made 100 percent of its goal got to pick someone in their office to throw a pie at Ward for their prize.
"That was pretty popular. It was quite an event," Rossman said. They also created a Donors Club for those who give $100 or more a year. "We give special recognition and have a board up in the hallway of the plant where we display all their names. They also get pins," he said.
The last two years they've used a stock-car theme and units get to move their cars on the wall for each level of the goal reached.
"We've always got something going to create a little interest," he said. At the end of the year, they have a lunch for the shops that win the contests.
Rossman plans to become more involved as a volunteer after retiring, although he hopes to also keep a hand in the CCFD. "When we have the collection [of pledges] on Thursdays, I bring in doughnuts. If I don't bring the doughnuts next year, they won't be very happy."
Sherry Slade, administrative secretary to the dean of the College of Education, has been involved in the CCFD for several years, taking the initiative to serve as a unit leader when she was head secretary, before she had her current position. She's now a section leader.
"It's very rewarding," she said. Slade volunteers not only at the UI, but in the community, working with the Champaign County Humane Society, Preservation and Conservation Association, the Champaign-Urbana Theater Company and WILL-AM-FM-TV.
"I've always been active in one thing or another," she said.
"If you really have an interest in something, it gives you an opportunity
to give of yourself. But the reward is I meet many interesting people and
have done many interesting projects. I've met wonderful friends and been
able to create bonds."
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By James E. Kloeppel
Dow Chemical presented the UI department of chemistry with a check for $40,000 May 7 to support a program for students in beginning chemistry classes. The money will be used for the Chemistry Merit Program for Emerging Scholars. Dow, which becomes the second corporate sponsor of the program, has pledged similar support for each of two additional years.
The Merit Program targets underrepresented minorities, women and students from small rural high schools. "Our goal is to help retain these high-potential students in the areas of the physical sciences, engineering and mathematics," said program director Susan Arena-Zumdahl. There are about 200 students enrolled in the program.
"One of the main objectives of the Merit Program is to foster a sense of community among participating students in the beginning chemistry classes," Arena-Zumdahl said. "Merit students learn to exchange ideas and work together with colleagues to understand concepts and solve problems as part of a team. This provides a community of scholars to support and encourage success in later courses."
Merit students attend the same lectures, do the same assignments and lab work, and take the same examinations as all other students in the course. In place of the traditional, hour-long discussion session held each week, however, Merit students meet twice a week for two hours in active-learning workshops. During these workshops, the students work together in small groups on challenging problems. As the students assist one another, they form a community of learners.
"The Merit Program focuses on active learning in discussion with other students," Arena-Zumdahl said. "The Merit classroom becomes a social-academic community. By working together to solve difficult course problems, and by developing friendships based on common academic interests, the students inspire each other to maintain a high level of commitment to excellence."
As a corporate sponsor, Dow joins Abbott Laboratories, now in its second year of supporting the Merit Program. Grants from the companies will be used to fund additional teaching-assistant fellowships, materials and supplies.
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By Shannon Vicic
Three UI faculty members have won 1998 John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship Awards.
Alma Gottlieb, professor of anthropology; Bruce Berndt, professor of mathematics; and Eduardo Fradkin, professor of physics, were among the 168 fellows selected this year from more than 3,000 applicants nationwide.
Guggenheim fellows are selected on the basis of distinguished achievements in their fields and exceptional promise for future accomplishment.
Gottlieb will study the infant-rearing practices of the Beng people of the West African nation of Côte d'Ivoire. Her research will focus on Beng infant development as it is shaped by cultural practices that in many cases are significantly different from those common for infants reared in Western societies.
Gottlieb came to the UI in 1983 after earning a doctorate at the University of Virginia. She has written one book, "Under the Kapok Tree: Identity and Difference in Beng Thought" and has co-written two other books, "Parallel Worlds: An Anthropologist and a Writer Encounter Africa," winner of the 1993 Victor Turner Prize, and a "Beng-English Dictionary."
She also co-edited an anthology, "Blood Magic: The Anthropology of Menstruation."
Berndt will focus on proving theorems in a notebook that belonged to the late Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan. The notebook, discovered in the library of Trinity College in Cambridge, England, in 1976, contains approximately 650 theorems without proofs. In his previous research, Berndt proved claims found in three other notebooks that belonged to Ramanujan.
Berndt received his doctoral degree from the University of Wisconsin at Madison in 1966. He came to the UI in 1967, after spending a year as a lecturer at the University of Glasgow in Scotland.
He has given approximately 150 lectures in the United States and abroad. He is the author of "Ramanujan's Notebooks, Parts I-V," published in 1985, 1989, 1991, 1994 and 1997. In addition, he co-wrote "Ramanujan: Letters and Commentary" with R.A. Rankin.
Fradkin will do research on the theory of the fractional quantum Hall effect of the two-dimensional electron gas in very strong magnetic fields. He will investigate a novel set of condensed states that support excitations that carry fractional charge and non-commutative statistics. He also will research the electronic liquid crystal phases of high-temperature superconductors.
Fradkin earned his doctorate at Stanford University. After graduating in 1979, he came to the UI as a postdoctoral research associate. He began teaching at the UI the following year.
In 1991, he wrote the book, "Field Theories of Condensed Matter Systems," and he has written or co-written nearly 90 articles for scholarly journals in his field.
During its 74-year history, the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation
has granted more than $180 million in fellowships to more than 14,000 people.
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By Nancy Koeneman
Students often take college or pre-college courses to learn how to 'learn.' For the past four years, professors and instructors in engineering have been learning how to teach - better, at the Teaching College.
A faculty-development effort for faculty members in the College of Engineering, the 22-week course grew out of the undergraduate and graduate experiences of Bruce Litchfield, a co-director with Scott Johnson, professor of vocational and technical education, and Pete DeLisle of the Academy for Excellence in Engineering Education and a professor of mechanical and industrial engineering.
"It was sort of a passion of mine that grew from my undergraduate experience here at the UI. I had some great teachers and some who needed more help," said Litchfield, professor of agricultural engineering. The idea was reinforced in graduate school at Purdue, where he took a course on college teaching.
Now, for the past four years, the Teaching College is helping College of Engineering faculty members improve their teaching skills through classroom observation of the participants, personal development plans and other activities.
Two years ago General Electric funded the three-year grant to enhance and expand the Teaching College effort. Each person who completes the college and associated activities is designated a GE Scholar. The scholars can continue their involvement in later years by helping with classroom observation and assessment process. They are then designated GE Fellows.
Edward Damiano, professor of mechanical and industrial engineering, was curious about the course and wanted to assess his role as teacher.
"I never received any formal training as a college instructor and yet I have been teaching college for many years," he said. "It seemed unlikely to me that good researchers would universally be equipped with an understanding of teaching methods."
He also pointed out that there is a great emphasis on teaching methods for primary and secondary school teachers, but none at the university level.
"The primary gains made from the Teaching College experience were to channel my efforts to focus on student learning, rather than 'lecturer teaching'," said Jeffrey Mountain, lecturer in general engineering. "In-class observations by members of the Teaching College staff helped me become aware of the effective techniques that could be integrated into the classroom and laboratory activities to improve student comprehension and learning."
The in-class observations of the course Damiano was teaching forced him to be more introspective about his teaching methods and offered some useful perspectives in his approach to teaching, he said. "Perhaps one of the most beneficial aspects of the course for me, however, was the opportunity to discuss with my peers common issues regarding teaching that concern us."
Electrical and computer engineering professor Elyse Rosenbaum also said the class changed her focus in teaching.
"I learned to be more student-focused. I learned that the measure of good teaching is how well the students understand the material, not how well I understand the material," she said. She also learned tips to help her structure her course so students learn effectively, such as emphasizing major points during the lecture and letting students learn the fine details themselves through reading and homework, or by using problem-solving in the classroom.
This year, the Teaching College held its first evaluation of the program, done by students at the UI in an evaluation course in the College of Education. The results aren't in yet, Litchfield said. However, the comments he's heard so far, have been positive.
The 1997-98 GE Scholars class of 17 faculty members were honored at a
reception April 24.
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Celebrating 30 years of presenting performing artists in Central Illinois, Krannert Center for the Performing Arts announces its 1998-1999 season of 46 events. The season includes resident productions -- collaborative presentations by Krannert Center and the UI departments of dance and theater and the School of Music -- along with Marquee events -- performances by guest artists. Both series and single-event tickets are now on sale at the Krannert Center Ticket Office.
Krannert Center continues to offer Great Hall, Chamber Music, Sunday Salon, Opera, Theater, Dance and Family Fixed Series during its 1998-1999 season. New this season is the Flex Series, which allows patrons to create their own series with the choice of five or more Krannert Center Resident or Marquee presentations. When patrons purchase multiple events as either Fixed or Flex Series, they will receive a discount. Also new this season are youth prices for high-school and grade-school children. Whether orders are for series or single-event tickets, the Krannert Center ticket office will fill them in the order they receive them; the earlier patrons place their order, the better their seating location.
Krannert Center's season opens Sept. 23 when UI alumnus Dee Dee Bridgewater returns with her "Tribute to Ella Fitzgerald." Other Marquee artists whose vocal traditions Krannert Center celebrates this season include blues singer Koko Taylor, Scottish traditional singer Jean Redpath, the a capella ensembles Hot Mouth and The King's Singers, the Chenille Sisters, mezzo-soprano Denyce Graves and tenor Gregory Turay.
Four internationally acclaimed orchestras will be led by their music directors during this Krannert Center season: Yuri Temirkanov leads the St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra; Jaap van Zweden leads the Netherlands Symphony Orchestra, which also welcomes pianist Sebastian Forster as soloist; Mark Ermler leads the Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra, which also welcomes cellist Borislav Strulev as soloist; and Hans Vonk leads the Saint Louis Symphony, which also welcomes pianist Leif Ove Andsnes as soloist. Additional musical artists performing on the stage of the Foellinger Great Hall include pianist Andras Schiff and violinist Nigel Kennedy.
Krannert Center continues its Salon Series, which presents young artists on the brink of exciting professional careers. Guitarist Jason Vieaux and tenor Gregory Turay appear on this series along with the winner of the 1998 Naumburg International Violin Competition and the Krannert Center Debut Artist. The chamber music ensembles include the Arditti String Quartet with pianist Ursula Oppens, the Kalichstein-Laredo-Robinson Trio, the Emerson String Quartet, the Vermeer String Quartet, and the English Chamber Orchestra with violinist/ conductor Pinchas Zukerman.
Classical ballet reappears this season as the Russian National Ballet presents two crown jewels of its repertoire: "Swan Lake" and "Sleeping Beauty," both works choreographed by Marius Petipa to music of Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. The Margaret Jenkins Dance Company and actress Olympia Dukakis have collaborated on a new work, "Time After," which Krannert Center presents as part of the National Dance Project. The newest work by the Joe Goode Performance Group, "Deeply There," also premieres this season as part of this project.
The Marquee season is completed with the theatrical performances of political satirists the Capitol Steps and the physical comedy of Gould & Steams.
This season, the Colwell Playhouse features a wonderful re-telling of the story "The Princess and the Pea" in "Once Upon a Mattress"; the French farce "Tartuffe"; and "Blithe Spirit," a comedy by Noel Coward. The modern tone of the Studio Theater includes the Broadway drama, "Come Back to the 5 & Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean" where James Dean disciples gather for a reunion; an American country-and-western take on the 18th-century English classic comedy "She Stoops to Conquer"; "Come Down Burning," a powerful play that captures the strength of a group of women facing poverty and prejudice as they confront the issue of abortion; "Holy Ghosts," which follows a religious cult through the mountains of the southern United States; and "A Taste of Sunrise" which tells the humorous and touching story of Tuc as he explores his deafness and how it shapes his relationships (featured in sign and spoken language).
Illinois Dance Theater, produced by the UI dance department, presents three Studio dance productions and a main stage program in the Colwell Playhouse. Studiodance I features works by a variety of choreographers including faculty members and Beverly Blossom, professor emerita and Bessie Award-winner. Blossom will perform an excerpt from her newest project. Studiodance II is a showcase for graduating Master of Fine Arts candidates from the department of dance with choreography of Mei-Kuang Chen, Walter Kennedy and Pleshette McKnight. Studiodance III will feature undergraduate and graduate student works selected by department auditions.
The main-stage production, Festival '99, features collaborative works by resident faculty choreographers Renée Wadleigh, Rebecca Nettl and Patricia Knowles with prominent choreographers Doug Elkins and Talley Beatty.
Produced by the UI School of Music, Illinois Opera Theater presents three classics from the operatic repertoire in Krannert Center's Tryon Festival Theater. The season opens in November with Donizetti's "The Elixir of Love," continues in February with Poulenc's "Dialogues of the Carmelites," and concludes in April with Offenbach's "La Perichole." All are sung in English.
For more information about the upcoming season or to receive a copy of the 1998-99 season brochure, contact the Krannert Center ticket office at 333-6280 or 800/KCPATIX (527-2849); Fax 244-SHOW (244-7469); TTY 333-9714 (for patrons who are deaf, or hearing- or speech- impaired).
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By Shannon Vicic
During its final meeting of the academic year, the Urbana-Champaign Senate met as a committee of the whole to discuss whether the campus should institute a post-tenure review system under which tenured faculty members would be periodically evaluated.
The senate's ad hoc Tenure Issues Committee recently completed a report on the issue that outlines five possible policy choices for the campus regarding post-tenure review, including the option of relying on existing review procedures for faculty members.
Currently, tenured faculty members are evaluated annually under the merit-pay system, and their performance also is evaluated on a few other occasions, such as when they are up for promotion or when they apply for sabbaticals.
However, those evaluation methods primarily focus on rewarding faculty members for performance rather than sanctioning those who aren't performing well, the report said.
The report doesn't contain specific policy recommendations regarding post-tenure review, but lists various purposes a post-tenure review system could serve, including helping the university remove incompetent faculty members, rejuvenate underperforming faculty members, reward faculty members whose merit has not been adequately recognized, and ensure that academic units are properly evaluating their faculty members.
Several institutions in the Big Ten have adopted or are considering adopting post-tenure review systems other than the merit-pay process, said Donald Uchtmann, chair of the committee and professor of agricultural and consumer economics.
The issue has been pushed to the forefront by growing public sentiment that tenure shields faculty members from being held accountable when they perform poorly, he said.
Emanuel Donchin, a professor of psychology, said that the university doesn't need to institute a system for post-tenure review but rather should look at the way the current merit-pay system operates.
According to Donchin, the current merit system does not include cost-of-living adjustments or across-the-board raises for faculty members. If departments are awarding their faculty members across-the-board raises each year, they aren't employing the system properly, he said.
Wesley Seitz, a professor of agricultural and consumer economics and a former department head, said that he believes the campus has adequate procedures for reviewing faculty members but may need a system for sorting out the "problem cases."
It would be useful for the campus to institute some standard procedures for department heads to use when they have an underperforming faculty member, he said.
"I can report that as a department head, I didn't feel like I had much guidance in how I should handle this."
Stephen Kaufman, a professor of cell and structural biology, said that the senate needs to gather some hard data before taking any action on the issue. He also asked for clarification about where public comments about tenure have originated.
Senate Council Chair Richard Schacht reported that trustees at many universities believe that post-tenure review systems must be implemented in order to preserve the current tenure system.
In addition, state legislators have broached the topic with UI President James J. Stukel and other university officials who have appeared before them, Schacht said.
"The type of people who are concerned about this are people who have considerable control over the fate of the university."
A post-tenure review system would serve as an insurance policy to protect the tenure system. If the campus doesn't institute its own post-tenure review system, one may be imposed on it by outside forces, he said.
"I am convinced that it would be wiser to take out this insurance policy to make sure we have tenure 10 years from now."
But Alfred Kagan, a professor of library administration, argued that the current tenure system shouldn't be altered to remedy what he considered to be a public relations problem.
"I don't see why we have to go this route," he said.
Any post-tenure review system considered would need to enhance faculty members' performance and academic quality on campus or else it shouldn't be adopted, said Nicholas Burbules, a professor of educational policy studies.
Kaufman asked whether there had been any discussion among the trustees at their recent meeting concerning the senate's resolution recommending the retirement of Chief Illiniwek. During the public comment session of that meeting, Kaufman reminded the board of the senate's action on the issue.
H. George Friedman, a professor of computer science and the senate's observer at the meeting, said that there hadn't been any further discussion of the issue, but the board rarely discusses such matters unless they are brought to it by the president.
Kaufman said the board seemed to be disregarding the senate's action on the issue.
"I raise the question whether the work of this body is taken seriously by the board," he said.
Schacht assured him that the senate's action on the matter had not gone unnoticed by the trustees.
Friedman noted that the board has many precedents for saying no to the senate.
"Whether we like it or not, state law vests the board with authority for the university," he said.
Kagan said he shared Kaufman's concern that the senate isn't being taken seriously, not only in regard to the Chief Illiniwek resolution but also in regard to the senate's resolution to provide benefits to domestic partners of UI employees.
Earlier in the meeting, Schacht reported that Stukel had consulted with the university's legal counsel, Thomas Bearrows, on the benefits resolution, which was approved by all three campus senates. Bearrows has determined that implementing the resolution would violate current Illinois law.
According to Bearrows, it is contrary to Illinois law to extend benefits to domestic partners, whether they are of the same or the opposite sex of the employee. Benefits can only be extended to spouses of employees. Illinois law requires a spouse to be of the opposite sex and expressly prohibits same-sex marriages.
Schacht said that the University Senates Conference was not happy with that outcome and would continue to pursue the issue.
Joan Klein, a professor of English, reported that UI law professor Cynthia Williams and her husband have written an opinion on that issue that is contrary to the one advanced by Bearrows.
Under the proposal, students who successfully complete the requirements for a senate-approved undergraduate minor will have the minor listed on their official university transcripts.
The formation of such an advisory body was one of the recommendations contained in a report on the future of the campus library recently completed by the Library Task Force.
The additional meeting was called so that the senate could take action on that recommendation before the end of the academic year in order that a committee could begin work during the summer. The remainder of the recommendations in the library report won't be analyzed until the following academic year.
There is a sense of urgency to current planning efforts because the library has experienced some "slippage" in recent years and continues to face challenges relating to the rising costs of materials and technological development, said Interim Provost Thomas Mengler.
The new committee is charged with helping to shape general library policies and priorities as well as specific policies on collections priorities, major strategic initiatives, staffing models and overall organizational issues.
The committee originally was designated as the Campus Library Policy Board, but its name was amended by the senate to reflect that the committee isn't a permanent body and that it serves in an advisory capacity.
Several senators expressed concerns about faculty representation on the board. The item approved by the senate does not specify how individual academic units will be represented on the board. However, other senators noted that Mengler wasn't required to obtain the senate's endorsement to form an advisory committee.
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Contract negotiations for exclusive pouring rights are officially over as UI officials and representatives from the Coca-Cola Co. and Central States Bottling Group Inc. finalized two sponsorship agreements totaling $10 million. The agreements, finalized April 20, guarantee Coca-Cola exclusive beverage rights on the UI campus and at UI athletic events through June 30, 2002, with an option to renew for five years.
The campus agreement, although not official until April 20, has been in effect since July 1997 when Pepsi-Cola machines were pulled from campus buildings and replaced with Coke machines. The university had issued a "letter of intent to negotiate the terms of the contract" to Coca-Cola, which allowed the terms of the proposal to be initiated last July. The agreement with the Division of Intercollegiate Athletics will take effect July 1, since its current agreement with PepsiCo expires June 30.
"At a time when state support is constrained and we're trying to hold down student fees, it's very useful to have additional sources of support for programs, especially programs that primarily benefit students," said Chancellor Michael Aiken.
The contracts require the soft-drink giant to pay about $7.6 million to the campus over the next 10 years, plus more than $3 million to DIA.
In addition to the exclusive right to sell Coke, Mr. Pibb, Sprite and other products on campus and at sporting events, Coke receives free tickets to various athletic events, golf-club memberships, radio promotional spots, print ads and scoreboard signs.
UI already has received a $5 million lump-sum payment that accounts for predicted sales commissions of $500,000 annually. The $5 million payment will be treated as a quasi-endowment, with the campus only spending the income, while preserving the real value of the principal, said Bill Murphy, associate chancellor for public affairs.
In addition, Coke will pay the campus $200,000 a year in sponsorship fees or $2 million over the life of the agreement. And Coke also will spend at least $50,000 a year on marketing to boost beverage sales and thus UI income.
DIA will receive at least $350,000 annually or $3.15 million over its nine-year agreement. The Coke contract is more lucrative than the athletic division's current agreement with Pepsi, which generated $140,000 a year in sponsorship fees.
It is not known how much of the $10 million is a net gain for the campus or how the money will be spent. The Housing Division and Campus Vending will receive about $285,000 annually to replace previous beverage commission income and the Division of Operation and Maintenance will receive approximately $50,000 annually to cover added costs for recycling the plastic bottles now used in most vending machines.
And about $30,000 annually will be reserved for projects that will benefit a large segment of the student population, Murphy said. These expenditures must be approved by a special ad hoc student committee.
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A decision to dismiss a petition by the Graduate Employees Organization (GEO), which has been seeking union recognition by the UI, was affirmed by the Illinois Educational Labor Relations Board on April 9. The GEO has 35 days to appeal the decision.
The hearing officer for the board ruled last year that the UI's 5,800 graduate assistants are students and therefore are not allowed to form unions under state law. The group appealed to the full board. The decision was expected in January, but was not issued until April.
The GEO began its effort to unionize in spring 1996. The organization has received the support of the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, the AFL-CIO and the Illinois Education Association.
The GEO also is waiting for decisions on two unfair labor practice complaints filed against the UI administration in February, charging the UI was trying to change the format of graduate student employment to make it conform to the position being argued by the UI to the state labor board. The organization objects to the conversion of salaried graduate student assistantships to hourly positions.
The second complaint is against the purpose of the Graduate Student Advisory
Council. The GEO says it's a ruse to make it appear the UI is sensitive
to graduate student concerns. According to Bill Murphy, associate chancellor
for public affairs, the council is open to all graduate students as a vehicle
to deal with issues related to the entire range of graduate student concerns,
not just stipends, benefits and working conditions of graduate students.
The UI Foundation collected nearly $208 million last year to bring the $1 billion Campaign Illinois fund drive total to $986.1 million as of March 31, 1998.
George M.C. Fisher, chairman of the UI Foundation and of Campaign Illinois, revealed the milestone figure at the foundation's "Spring Gathering" April 24 before more than 450 members of the university's major donor organization, the Presidents Council.
Fisher, a 1962 alumnus, is chairman, president and CEO of Eastman Kodak Co. Joining him as co-chairs of Campaign Illinois were Richard G. Cline, chairman of Hawthorne Investors Inc., and B. Kenneth West, former chairman of Harris Bankcorp Inc.
The $986.1 million total includes nearly $604 million in campaign pledges and gifts received plus more than $382 million in commitments by donors made through trusts, life income plans, bequests and other deferred-giving arrangements.
As of March 31, more than $417.9 million had been designated by donors to the university's endowment, the major priority of the campaign, to provide support for academic programs, faculty chairs/professorships and student financial assistance. Gifts designated for scholarships, fellowships and loans alone amounted to nearly $155 million according to the campaign report.
Nearly 37 percent of all gifts-to-date have come from alumni, with non-alumni providing 18 percent, corporations 27 percent, private foundations more than 14 percent and other sources 4 percent.
Fifteen private gifts and grants totaling $47 million earmarked for programs at the Chicago and Urbana-Champaign campuses were announced by UI President James J. Stukel.
The Urbana-Champaign campus has raised $697 million towards its goal of $700 million.
The following major gifts for the Urbana-Champaign campus were announced at the Spring Gathering:
Also, DuPont, the science and technology based global company, was recognized
for contributing more than $4.3 million over the past 30 years to many programs
at the UI, including agriculture, engineering and chemistry. DuPont has
generously supported research, scholarship, public service, special programs
and faculty, largely at the Urbana-Champaign campus, but also at Chicago.
SCALE, established in March 1995 with a grant from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and a match from the UI, is a three-year project that will conclude at the end of this semester. The project was to develop undergraduate ALN courses to be offered on the Urbana-Champaign campus. Through the project, the campus has witnessed widespread ALN course development. This semester, SCALE supports about 80 courses that in total enroll more than 8,000 students.
How can I find an expert? What kind of cultural programs can I participate in at the UI? When fielding calls with questions like these, by asking a few simple questions about the caller's interests, a search of the index can yield a list of programs and services related to the caller's interest areas. You click on a title and get a brief description of the program, the primary college sponsor, a contact person, how to reach them, and a URL for the program if there is one.
In addition, faculty members can use the search to learn what outreach and public service other colleges are doing.
Partnership Illinois is a campuswide commitment that raises visibility and improves access to university resources through partnerships with schools, businesses, government agencies and private organizations.
"We knew there were many faculty members from this campus reaching and serving the citizens of Illinois, but we had no idea of the number and broad spectrum of program types they represented," said Steven F. Schomberg, associate chancellor and Partnership Council coordinator. "We hope that the index will help the university gain more public visibility and enable faculty members to find potential campus collaborators for future programming ventures."
Colleges and departments, who have public service activities not currently in the PI Index but would like to be included, may call John Katz at 265-0496.
Students can sign up for the program through an independent study option with approval of a faculty mentor. More information is available from Patrick Oray at the University YMCA at 337-1514 or email@example.com.
Channel 12's "Talking Point" at 8 p.m. May 7. "Talking Point" host David Inge and the two administrators will discuss higher education issues and campus concerns during the hourlong program.
"Gael Stack: mild warnings" runs through May 16. The exhibition features untitled oil paintings on paper by the Chicago-born artist who received bachelor's and master's degrees in fine arts from the Urbana-Champaign campus. Stack's multi-layered paintings combine stenciled patterns drawn from art-historical references with words and phrases in various languages to form a complex and secretive visual diary.
"Lewis deSoto: Kalpa" runs through May 23. The San Francisco-based sculptor's installation -- an arrangement of human and coyote bones -- draws its title from a term that refers to the measure of an eon in Hindu and Buddhist literature. DeSoto describes the installation as representative of "... the passage of time, marked out like beads of a rosary: each moment unique yet linked by the structure of life."
"Warm," a group exhibition of sculpture by artists who are either graduates of UI at Urbana-Champaign or previously have exhibited at I space, is on view May 19 through 23. The show is scheduled to coincide with the International Sculpture Conference that takes place in Chicago that week. Exhibiting artists are David Humphrey, Kevin Kaempf, Kim Knowles, Jo Hormuth, Cynthia Morgan, Stephanie Ognar, Evan Penny and Gordon Powell.
The IEI is a unit of the Division of English as an International Language. For more information about hosting, contact Anna Kasten or Alex Johnston at 333-6598 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Advance registration is $10; race-day fee is $12. (No fee for Uni High students or Uni faculty members.) Awards will be presented to the first three female and male finishers in several divisions.
Registration forms are available from the Uni physical education department, 201 Kenney Gym; the Uni main office; or Body 'n Sole at Old Farm Center and on Sixth Street. Registration also will be accepted between 8 and 9 a.m. race day at the Park Pavilion.
Throughout the year, continued improvements will be implemented and later in the year, the search interface will change from a text-based format to a graphical Web interface with search engines.
The new system also will allow users instant access to their own library record, showing what has been checked out and what fines are owed. The catalog will feature pull-down menus and more options for searching, sorting and displaying results.
The library staff is now being trained in the new system and planning documentation and workshops for users.
For more information, call Susan Searing, head of the Library and Information Science Library and chair of the user education committee, at 333-4456 or email@example.com.
Cooking up a new summer series
Inside Illinois is planning a summer recipe series for this summer. That means we want your summer recipes so we can share them with the rest of campus. We're looking for a variety of recipes that might be quick and easy, use garden-fresh items, would be good to take on picnics or are refreshing desserts and beverages. We're leaving the options open for the creative cooks out there. We'd also like any little nuggets of information and stories you'd like to share about the recipe. The entries chosen for publication will go into a hat for a drawing for something at the end of the summer. Please submit your recipes and stories with your name, position at the UI and your phone number by e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org or by campus mail [please, no handwritten recipes, if possible] to: Nancy Koeneman, Inside Illinois, 807 S. Wright, Suite 520 East, MC-314.
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The Office of Academic Human Resources, Suite 420, 807 S. Wright St., maintains the listings for faculty and academic professional positions. More complete descriptions are available in that office during regular business hours. Job listings are also updated weekly on its Web site at: http://.oc.uiuc.edu/ahr/ahrjobrg.htm. Any other information may be obtained from the person indicated in the listing.
Aviation, Institute of. Assistant professor (several positions available). PhD and research interest required. Available Aug. 21. Rick Weinberg, 244-8606. Closing date: June 15.
Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences. Assistant professor and extension specialist. PhD in horticulture, entomology, plant pathology, weed science or similar plant-protection discipline required. Demonstrated interest in and ability to provide leadership in Cooperative Extension programming. Available Aug. 21. Joyce Canaday, 333-2770. Closing date: June 15.
Physics. Research associate professor (non-tenure track). PhD in physics and minimum five years' experience as research assistant professor and minimum 12 years' postgraduate research experience in synchrotron radiation methods as well as growth, processing and properties of surfaces, interfaces and thin films at a major university or research lab. Available Aug. 21. T.C. Chiang, 333-2593, email@example.com. Closing date: June 1.
Veterinary Medicine. Faculty, veterinary pathobiology, food safety/epidemiology (rank open). PhD required, DVM preferred. Established record or demonstrated potential in original research in food safety/epidemiology required. Available August. Ronald Smith, 333-2449, firstname.lastname@example.org. Closing date: June 1.
Administrative Information Systems and Services (Urbana or Chicago). Research programmer, library systems. BA/BS and minimum two years' information systems experience required. Degree in computer science, MIS, library science or related field preferred. Available immediately. Susan Nelson McLain, 333-8635, email@example.com. Closing date: May 14.
Athletics, Division of Intercollegiate. Associate athletic director, senior women's administrator. BA/BS required, MA/MS preferred in athletic administration or related field. Minimum five years' experience in intercollegiate athletics administration required. Available immediately. Ronald Guenther, 333-3631. Closing date: May 18.
Aviation, Insitute of. Aviation education specialists (flight instructors/one to 10 positions). BS and certified flight instructor certification with airplane and instrument ratings required. MS or PhD and research interest preferred. Available Aug. 21. Rick Weinberg, 244-8606. Closing date: June 15.
Beckman Institute. Research programmer, artificial intelligence (two positions). BA/BS required, MA/MS preferred plus minimum two years' experience in artificial intelligence. Available immediately. Ms. Szvetecz, 333-7194. Extended closing date: Aug. 21.
Beckman Institute. Research scientist, artificial intelligence (two positions). PhD in computer science or related field required. Available immediately. Ms. Szvetecz, 333-7194. Extended closing date: Aug. 21.
Computer Science. Coordinator of research programs, Pablo Research Group. BA/BS in technical field and minimum two years' work experience required. Available June 5. Barbara Armstrong, 333-6454, firstname.lastname@example.org. Closing date: May 30.
Electrical and Computer Engineering. Research programmer. BS and minimum two years' experience programming in language such as C or visual Basic required. Experience with Microsoft Access preferred. Available June 1. Robert Cicone, 333-0862, email@example.com. Closing date: May 27.
Engineering, College of. Assistant/associate dean for development. BA/BS with successful professional and managerial experience and minimum five years' experience in fund-raising environment required. Advanced degree preferred. Available immediately. Jan Medearis, 333-4087, firstname.lastname@example.org Closing date: June 19.
Engineering, College of. Assistant/associate director of development (two positions). BA/BS and minimum three years' successful fund-raising experience required. Available immediately. Vicki Hensler, 244-1376. Closing date: June 19.
Financial Aid, Office of Student. Associate director. BA/BS required, MA/MS preferred. Minimum five years' experience in financial aid, including minimum one year's broad supervisory experience required. Available July 1. Chairperson, Consultative Committee, 244-2024. Closing date: June 1.
Housing Division. Assistant director, contracts and assignments. MA/MS and minimum five years' experience in university housing administration and experience with database systems required. Available immediately. Annette Wishall, 333-1429. Closing date: May 16.
Housing Division. Associate director, residential life. MA/MS in higher education, student personnel or related field and minimum 10 years' experience in university housing required. Available immediately. Annette Wishall, 333-1429. Closing date: May 16.
La Casa Cultural Latina. Assistant director. BA/BS required, MA/MS preferred. Native or near-native fluency in Spanish in both reading and writing required. Available June 1. Giraldo Rosales, 333-4950. Closing date: May 15.
Materials Research Lab. Research scientist, X-ray scattering. MS in physics, materials science or related field and minimum three years' experience with X-ray scattering methods required. Available immediately. Donna Jacobs, 244-2944. Closing date: July 31.
Mechanical and Industrial Engineering. Research engineering. BA/BS required, MA/MS preferred in mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, materials science and engineering or related engineering field. Available Aug. 10. Michael Philpott, 244-3184, email@example.com. Closing date: July 15.
Publications, Office of. Media/communications specialist, editorial. BA/BS in English or journalism and minimum two years' experience as publications professional or advanced degree with minimum one year's experience required. Available July 13. Minimum $27,000. Closing date: May 22.
Public Affairs, Office of. Executive director for public affairs. BA/BS required, advanced degree preferred. Proven record in area of public affairs, public relations, communication or marketing communications required. Experience in electronic media preferred. Available immediately. William Murphy, 333-5010, firstname.lastname@example.org. Closing date: May 1.
Press, UI. Director. BA/BS, significant publishing experience and familiarity with desktop publishing required. Available January. Robert Wedgeworth, 333-3077, email@example.com. Closing date: June 1.
Veterinary Medicine. Veterinary research specialist, microbiology. BS in microbiology or biology with experience in cultivation, characterization and/or serodiagnosis of microbial infections required. Available July 1. Sherry DeMoss, 333-1620. Closing date: May 29.
Personnel Services Office, 52 E. Gregory Drive, Champaign, conducts open and continuous testing for civil service classifications used on campus. More information is available by calling 333-2137. Or visit its Web site at: .uiuc.edu/providers/pso/pso.html
-- Nancy Koeneman
She worked for housing services of the UI for 20 years, retiring in 1965.
Survivors include two daughters, seven grandchildren, 19 great-grandchildren, and 13 great-great-grandchildren.
Memorial contributions may be made to Grace United Methodist Church, Urbana.
Marsh received a doctorate in zoology from the University of Kansas. He taught extensively through the university's Cooperative Extension, and was the director of the James Scholars Program before he retired in 1972.
Survivors include his wife, Gladys; two sons; a daughter; five grandchildren; and one great-grandchild.
He graduated from Purdue University in electrical engineering in 1966, and was an electrical engineer at the Center for Electron Microscopy at the UI until he retired in 1990.
He played the domra and mandolin for the Russian Folk Orchestra at the UI.
Survivors include his wife, Marlene; a son; three brothers; a sister; and a stepmother.
Memorial contributions by be made to the American Heart Association.
Rutledge worked at the UI for 20 years.
Surviving are three sons; a daughter; two sisters; nine grandchildren; and 12 great-grandchildren.
Memorial contributions may be made to the American Heart Association.
Sandage received his doctorate in economics at the State University of Iowa and joined the UI faculty in 1946. He was known at the UI for creating and heading the department of advertising in what eventually became the College of Communications, and for starting the UI graduate program in advertising. He retired from the UI in 1968, and ran his own private research firm, the Farm Research Institute, until a few years ago.
Survivors include his wife, Elizabeth; a son; two grandchildren; and two great-grandchildren.
Memorial contributions may be made to the James Webb Young Fund in care of the UI Foundation, or the Center for the Study of Free Enterprise and Entrepreneurship, Graceland College, 700 College Ave., Lamoni, IA 50140-1698.
Stubing earned his bachelor's degree at Yale University and a doctor of medicine degree at the University of Florida. He was board certified in the practice of psychiatry and neurology by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology.
Most of his career was spent at the UI as staff psychiatrist, culminating in his appointment as head of the UI mental health department. He also held several professorships.
Survivors include his wife, Kathryn; two sons; a daughter; a brother; and two sisters.
Wendte also worked in the warehouse at J.M. Jones Distributing Co., Urbana.
She is survived by her husband, Leon; a daughter; her father; and her stepmother.
Memorial contributions may be made to the St. John's Lutheran School
Building Fund or to an organization of the donor's choice.
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UI ranked No. 5 in 'Most Wired Colleges'
The UI earned the No. 5 spot in the 1998 rankings of "America's 100 Most Wired Colleges," published recently by Yahoo's Internet Life Webzine.
Robert Penka, interim director of the UI's Computing and Communications Services Office, said the ranking represents "national recognition of the enthusiasm, foresight and hard work of the many people who have worked to integrate networking and computing technologies into the life of the campus."
Ed Krol, a CCSO assistant director, added that "this was where we should have been ranked last year as well." Unfortunately, he said, last year the survey was mailed to the wrong person and YIL didn't receive all the facts needed for consideration.
Krol said staff members from CCSO, Office of Public Affairs, Housing Division and Sloan Center for Asynchronous Learning Environments collaborated on the 1998 survey entry.
According to the YIL Web site, a number of factors were considered in determining a school's "wired" status. Among them: overall networking infrastructure and the availability of online registration, Internet course work and distance learning opportunities.
The No. 1 "most wired" school was Dartmouth College. Ranking second, third and fourth, respectively, were New Jersey Institute of Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
More information about the rankings is available at: http://.zdnet.com/yil/content/college/colleges98.html.
Plagiarism and cheating fueled by access to Web
It's probably true that there's nothing new under the sun, though one of the more recent variations on academic cheating and plagiarism is raising its ugly head on the World Wide Web.
Lurking out there in the online world are a number of sites that make available all manner of academic papers -- from essays, book reports and term papers to master's theses and dissertations. Some are free, others are offered for a fee. Individuals and companies maintaining the sites claim First Amendment rights to publish whatever they choose, and almost all post disclaimers stating that papers are offered for research purposes only. Yet with names such as "School Sucks" and "The Evil House of Cheat," the disclaimers may pass legal muster, but tend to fail a reality check.
In fact, said Dennis Baron, acting head of the English department, just last semester a UI Rhetoric 105 teaching assistant nabbed a student for turning in a term paper downloaded from the "School Sucks" site. Baron said the instructor spotted the phony after doing a key-word search of the site.
He noted that getting away with submitting plagiarized material is probably "much harder in a writing course than in a huge lecture course" -- mainly because writing instructors work with students more closely from the time a paper is assigned, following along with them through the development and re-writing stages.
"Some protections can be built in as well," Baron said. For instance, "if you frame the topic so that it's unique to your course, you're not going to have those problems."
With finals week about to begin, the uninitiated faculty member may want to spend a few moments browsing a site on "Plagiarism and the Web" compiled by Western Illinois English professor Bruce Leland and linked to the "instructor's tools" section of the Office of Continuing Education and Continuing Education's IDEA Village Web site. Leland's site is located at http://.wiu.edu/users/mfbhl/wiu/plagiarism.htm.
On his site, Leland tracks what he calls "almost a reinvention of plagiarism" to a 1996 e-mail advertisement that was sent to fraternities and sororities nationwide by Kenny Sahr, author of the "School Sucks" site. According to Leland, the site, which used the slogan "Download Your Workload," agitated enough people -- including members of the Alliance for Computers and Writing listserve -- that Sahr eventually added a "page for professors" to his site.
Leland's own page includes several useful tips for professors. Among them:
Further, in an age when all types of documents can be reproduced so quickly and easily, UI professor Marsha Woodbury recommends "all teachers need to define what plagiarism is."
"They need to take class time to do that -- it's important to spell out what is acceptable -- citing someone else's work, quoting with attribution, pointing to pages and so on," said Woodbury, a visiting professor of computer science who has written widely on ethical issues related to Web technology and online education.
"Since students are now completing Web pages as part of their classroom assignments, when is it OK to copy and when is it not?"
Woodbury cited an example of a student who borrowed the coding for a Web page from another site -- "to the last detail." In this case, she said, "the teacher never explained the limits -- when you can and cannot copy the layout and HTML of a page."
"These things have to be laid out clearly -- I would not assume students know the limits," Woodbury said.
Students -- and some professionals -- don't necessarily know the limits when borrowing images either, said art and design professor Nan Goggin.
"I've been to demos on campus where professionals have instructed in workshops to cut heads off images taken from one Web site and attach them in Photoshop to your body. Now this was fun, yet there seems to be a different concept of plagiarism when it relates to images."
Unfortunately, Goggin noted, "most students feel little remorse about copying anything they find from a site -- with maybe a slight modification -- and incorporate it into their art or design. There is a fuzzy line between making an artwork with images appropriated from media -- as political art -- and ripping off another artist, company, etc."
A more positive side to electronic plagiarism and related Web-ethics problems is the fact that faculty members and students are now talking about these topics.
Baron said he has used the "School Sucks" site in his courses to generate discussion. And Goggin has initiated discussions related to digital image appropriation.
"We talk about this a lot in my digital and multimedia courses," Goggin said. "Where the art resides, copies of the piece, content and audience all come into play," she said, along with the idea of [having] "a conscience."
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University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign